A normally functioning pancreas reacts to increasing blood sugar levels by secreting insulin. This typically happens after the consumption of a meal or sugary drink. Insulin tells the body to uptake glucose to normalize the blood sugar levels. When this process cannot take place properly, it is called diabetes. There are two types of diabetes, the first is where the body cannot make insulin at all, and the second is where the body doesn’t react to insulin. Both can result in inadequate management of blood sugars, leading to numerous complications that can become life threatening.
Information. For diabetics, proper management of blood glucose levels is imperative to every organ system in the body to function normally. When the metabolic homeostasis is disrupted, the balance of the body and its energy cycle is thrown off the rails. Following a monitoring and medication regimen directed by a physician is the best way to keep blood glucose levels in check. If blood sugar levels fall too low, it can induce hypoglycemia that can cause sleepiness, confusion, loss of consciousness or a seizure. If blood sugar levels rise too high, it can cause diabetic ketoacidosis or diabetic hyperosmolar syndrome that both can result in a diabetic coma.