Prevention. Since this condition mainly affects people who have light-colored eyes and fair skin, one of the best things that can be done to help prevent it from occurring is to wear eye protection when going out in the sun. It is also recommended that tanning beds be avoided since the intense ultraviolet rays that they use to darken the skin are damaging to the eyes. If a person still chooses to go to a tanning salon despite the risk, they should wear eye protection each time. Many tanning salons offer special goggles to their customers for this very purpose.