Cardiac ablation is a minimally invasive procedure utilized to fix issues with chronic arrhythmias or irregular heart rhythm patterns. During a cardiac ablation, the region of the heart that elicits the irregular rhythm is targeted and the tissue is dismantled. The hope is that by destroying the problem causing tissues, the irregular electrical signals will be inhibited from accessing those pathways within the heart. When the procedure is successful, it stops the chronic and frequent irregular heart rhythms or arrhythmias.
Information. In most cases, the cardiac ablation procedure has two phases. The first is the phase where the surgeon uses contrast dyes in addition to imaging and mapping methods to help direct them safely to the heart. Then the surgeon must find the tissue that is the cause of the electrical pathway disruptions. Once that is done, the second phase begins, where those problematic tissues are dismantled or destroyed with specialized tools. The procedure only requires one small incision and can be done without general anesthesia, thus eliminating the need for the use of a breathing tube. For these reasons, cardiac ablation carries less complications and risks then the traditional forms of open heart surgery. The procedure will usually take anywhere between 4 and 6 hours.