The Causes, Symptoms and Complications of Dystonia

Dystonia is a neurological movement disorder affecting up to 250,000 Americans. The disorder causes muscles to move involuntarily, resulting in twisting, repetitive motions or abnormal postures. Dystonia impacts people across all age groups and ethnicities. It causes a variety of symptoms that can cause difficulty with daily activities. There is no cure for dystonia at this time. Despite this, there are some medications available to help ease symptoms.

Information. Dystonia can occur in different locations in the body. It can occur throughout the body (generalized dystonia), in one body part (focal dystonia), in multiple and unrelated body parts (multifocal dystonia), in two or more body parts close to one another (segmental dystonia), or in the arm and leg on one side of the body (hemidystonia). The involuntary muscle movements it causes can result in a variety of symptoms depending on where in the body it occurs.