The Causes, Symptoms and Complications of Dystonia

Complications. Dystonia can cause a number of complications and make completing daily activities difficult. Pain, although not always associated with the disorder, can occur in some types of dystonia. Cervical dystonia can cause degeneration in the spine and headaches causing ongoing painful symptoms. Uncontrolled muscle movements may lead to joint damage over time, which can cause arthritis. Dystonia affecting the eyes (blepharospasm) can cause the eyelids to close involuntarily leading to difficulties with vision. Dealing with the symptoms and challenges of dystonia can also impact one’s mental well-being. For some people depression and anxiety can be complications of living with dystonia. Support groups are available around the country to help those affected by dystonia.