The human body has two kidneys that are responsible for filtering waste out of the blood. Usually, they each have a smooth, curved shape, which makes them easy to identify. However, if a person has a condition called polycystic kidney disease, they become deformed with cysts and stop functioning. Because this can lead to kidney failure, it is important that those who have the highest risk of developing the disease to understand what some of the symptoms of the condition are, how complications from it can develop, and a few of the methods that are used to diagnose and treat it.
Information. There are two different types of polycystic kidney disease. But both of them are hereditary. The first type is autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease. It begins when a person is about 40 years old. In order to have this condition, a person only needs to have one parent who carries the genes for it. Autosomal recessive polycystic disease begins shortly after a child is first born. It occurs less often than autosomal dominant polycystic disease because a person has to have two parents who carry the genes for it. Because of this strong genetic correlation to the illness, doctors often advise their patients who have either of the conditions to use caution when they are considering having children since they will more than likely be born with it too.